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4G & Beyond. The Convergence of Networks, Devices, and by Abdulrahman Yarali PDF

By Abdulrahman Yarali

From the transition of analog to electronic verbal exchange besides seamless mobility and excessive computing strength of small hand-held units, the instant communications has noticeable great adjustments resulting in the mixing of a number of telecommunication networks, units and providers over final 30 years. the speed of this growth and progress has elevated fairly long ago decade simply because humans not use their units and networks for voice in basic terms, yet call for package deal contents equivalent to facts download/streaming, HDTV, HD video , 3D video conferencing with larger potency, seamless connectivity, intelligence, reliability and higher consumer event. even if the demanding situations dealing with provider prone and telecommunication businesses vary by means of product, quarter, marketplace measurement, and their parts of focus yet time to industry, effective usage in their resources and profit enlargement, have impacted considerably how you can deal with and behavior their enterprise whereas conserving enough margin.

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Ericsson White Paper, “Ericsson Mobility Report on the Pulse of The Networked Society,” June 2014. Intel Corporation white paper, “WiMAX, 3G and LTE: A capacity Analysis,” 2010. , & Giladi, R. (2013). Hierarchical Ethernet transport network architecture for backhaul cellular networks. Wireless Network, 19(8), 1933-1943. pdf. pdf. 0, March 2011; Technical Specification Group Radio Access Network; Requirements for further advancements for Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (E-UTRA) LTE-Advanced, Release 10.

The costs of installing and maintaining the architecture for 4G technologies are expensive, and providers must recuperate those losses by gaining a higher number of customers. If a service provider adopts the new technologies without being in a financially sound position, it could be disastrous economically. Service providers must conduct analysis to determine if the benefits of switching to 4G will outweigh the costs associated with this transition and avoid any decoupling between return on investment and traffic load to meet initial capital and operational costs.

11e EDCF introduces priority traffic differentiation, to fulfill the distinct QoS requisites of several application types [66, 61]. 11e node has four frame queues, one queue for each Access Category (AC), as shown in Figure 2. In addition, this node has also four EDCF channel access functions, one for each AC queue. , background, best effort, video and voice, at distinct time intervals but with a well defined priority. In this way, it is giving to voice traffic the highest priority in terms of channel access; and to backoff traffic the lowest priority.

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4G & Beyond. The Convergence of Networks, Devices, and Services by Abdulrahman Yarali

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